Dogs’ curiosity can lead them to stuff potentially toxic substances in their mouth. And this is where activated charcoal for dogs comes in handy.
We made this guide to help you learn when and how to use activated charcoal for dogs effectively in cases of poisoning.
Purpose of Activated Charcoal for Dogs
When can I give activated charcoal to my dog? Activated charcoal binds to toxins and prevents them from getting absorbed in the body.
Its compound-binding abilities make the activated charcoal an emergency treatment option for some toxin ingestion in dogs, such as:
- Anticoagulant rodenticides
- Carbamate insecticides
However, activated charcoal for dogs has its limitations, meaning it is not always the answer to all types of poisoning. It does not effectively bind to certain toxic chemicals like:
- Ethylene glycol
If your dog has ingested a toxic substance, inform the vet immediately, as they will assess whether or not activated charcoal is the appropriate emergency treatment for that kind of poisoning.
If your dog’s symptoms of toxicity are severe, you are likely to be advised to skip administering activated charcoal and immediately send him to the vet.
Other uses of activated charcoal for dogs
Pet owners often ask: “Can I give my dog activated charcoal for diarrhea?” Activated charcoal can be administered to dogs with diarrhea as it binds and neutralizes the bacteria causing the problem in the gastrointestinal tract.
Stops the bad dog smell
Activated charcoal works as an odor neutralizer, which helps eliminate the stink coming from your furry pal’s fur or mouth. Some brands of dog shampoo and toothpaste use it in their formulas.
How Does Activated Charcoal Work?
To learn how activated charcoal for dogs works, we need to walk you through how activated charcoal is made.
Burning natural carbon resources like coconut shells and wood at high temperatures creates activated charcoal. It then goes through the activation process to create many cracks and crevices called pores on its body.
So, what will activated charcoal do to a dog when used to treat poisoning? The numerous pores increase the toxin-binding ability of the activated charcoal, allowing more poison control. In just 180 minutes, it can reduce toxins by 80%.
Activated Charcoal for Dogs Side Effects
Is activated charcoal safe for dogs? Generally, it is safe to use on dogs as long as appropriately administered. The following unwanted side effects of activated charcoal usually appear when pet owners fail to give the correct dosage:
- Intestinal blockage
- Black feces
- Reduces potency of certain medications
In connection to this topic, let us answer the commonly asked question: “Can I give my dog activated charcoal for chocolate?”
The use of activated charcoal is advised only during high-dose cases of chocolate toxicity. This is to prevent the abnormal elevation of sodium levels in your pet’s body, which can be life-threatening.
Recommended Activated Charcoal Dosage on Dogs
“How much activated charcoal do I give my dog?” is a crucial question to ask when planning to administer activated charcoal to your canine friend.
As we have mentioned earlier, wrong doses lead to the development of side effects. Ideally, 1–3 grams of activated charcoal should be administered to dogs per kilogram of body weight.
So, a dog that weighs 20 kilos should be given around 20–60 grams of activated charcoal. Repeated doses of activated charcoal can be done at 4 to 6-hour intervals. However, during these periods, only administer half the original dose.
If you are wondering how long activated charcoal stays in your dog’s system, it can last for 4–6 hours, but in some cases, it may remain in his system for up to 12 hours. The ingested activated charcoal will get excreted from his body via feces later on.
Remember that time is of the essence when giving activated charcoal to dogs. When administered immediately after toxin ingestion, it can prevent the development of poisoning symptoms.
Activated charcoal for dogs will become less effective if administered too late since the toxin is already absorbed in the body.
Administering Activated Charcoal to Dogs
How do vets give dogs activated charcoal? The vets usually administer activated charcoal for dog poisoning after inducing vomiting.
Activated charcoal powder for dogs can be mixed with a small amount of dog food to make it enticing. The same can be done for the suspension type of activated charcoal.
Activated charcoal tablets for dogs can be hidden inside treats like cheese to prevent your dog from refusing to eat them. Or gently place the tablet on the rear of his mouth for him to swallow.
Activated charcoal administration using a syringe is done with caution as it risks aspiration. When using this method, the dog’s head should be positioned at a level position.
Tilting his head upward must be avoided since he might accidentally breathe in the activated charcoal into his lungs, which can result in pneumonia.
If a dog refuses to ingest activated charcoal, the vet will sedate him and use a stomach tube to administer the treatment.
All of the 3 options can be done at home at your own discretion. However, the last method must be carried out by the vet to ensure your canine companion’s safety.
Shopping for Activated Charcoal for Dogs
Where to buy activated charcoal for dogs? You can get activated charcoal over the counter from pet stores and online such as carbodote for dogs.
However, they are not as effective as those with prescription formulations, which can be purchased at your local pet pharmacy.
Proper Storage of Activated Charcoal for Dogs
Most activated charcoal medicine for dogs has a long shelf life when stored properly. Place them at room temperature and away from moisture, light, and heat.